DOGO4ML (Spanish Program)

Title: Development, Operation and Data Governance for ML-based Software Systems. (DOGO4ML)

Identifier: PID2020-117191RB-I00/ AEI/10.13039/501100011033

Dates: September 2021 - July 2025

Participation: Joint project with the DTIM research group

Goal: DOGO4ML proposes a holistic end-to-end framework to develop, operate and govern ML-based Software Systems and their data.

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GLiDE: Integrated Gamified Learning Dashboard Environment

Title: Integrated Gamified Learning Dashboard Environment (GLiDE)

Funding Entity: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (Call for grants to carry out teaching improvement and innovation projects Galàxia Aprenentatge 2023). The project was granted under the Catalan title "Introducció d' elements de ludificació a l'eina Learning Dashboard per millorar l'aprenentatge en assignatures basades en el desenvolupament en equip de projectes software" as it appears in the call's resolution.

Dates: May 2023 - July 2024

Participation: Carles Farré (coordinator), Xavier Franch, Lidia López, and Marc Oriol

Goal: This project aims to enhance the user experience and introduce gamification elements into the Learning Dashboard. This intervention is expected to have a positive impact on student motivation and engagement, team collaboration and cohesion, project performance, and the quality of the artifacts produced while working on Software Engineering projects.


GAISSA (Spanish Program)

Title: Towards green AI‐based software systems: an architecture‐centric approach (GAISSA)

Identifier:  TED2021-130923B-I00

Dates: December 2022-November 2024

Participation: GESSI members

Goal: The GAISSA project aims at providing data scientists and software engineers tool-supported, architecture-centric methods for the modelling and development of green AI-based systems and thus facilitate the ecological transition towards energy-efficient software systems. 

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ML-EnergyLabel (LLAVOR UPC)

Title: Generation of energy labels for certifying the efficiency of machine learning systems (ML-EnergyLabel)

Funding Entity: LLAVOR-UPC 24 - 747000-F22916. Technology transfer.

Amount: 12.500€

Dates: March - October 2024

Participation: Silverio Martínez-Fernández (principal investigator), Santiago del Rey (entrepreneurial scientist), Joel Castaño, Sonia Touriño

Mentor: Jordi Daunis

Goal: Study the viability of tool‐supported energy labels for certifying ML systems.



Learning Dashboard

Title: Learning Dashboard

Dates: Started on September 2021

Participation: Project coordinators Prof. Carles Farré and Prof. Xavier Franch

Goal: To gather data generated by the software development tools used by students, mainly code version management and project management tools, in order to define learning metrics, factors, and indicators that are integrated, visualized, and monitored in an analytic dashboard.

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Dates: Started on January 2021

Participation: Project coordinators Prof. Xavier Franch, Prof. Jordi Marco and Quim Motger

General Goal

Analyse and extend the scope of NLP techniques focused on supporting software and requirements engineering tasks with a particular focus on (1) requirements elicitation and release planning, (2) knowledge base generation of NLP-based software-related artefacts, and (3) user feedback analysis.

Context and Motivation

Software repositories, including software marketplaces, issue trackers and indexation services, offer a large-scale, continuously evolving catalogue of software applications and software-related NLP artefacts, including official documentation and descriptions from developers, changelogs, user reviews, and feature or bug reports. In certain contexts, like mobile applications or AI-based software products, several challenges emerge from the continuous evolution of these products. From the developer perspective, it becomes challenging to integrate effectively user feedback, both for the evolution and maintenance of their own applications as well as to keep track of the competitive landscape. From the user perspective, it becomes complex to keep track of the last, up-to-date trends on a specific market segment. The constant appearance of new products makes it challenging to analyze and select those products that better suit the user needs. However, these NLP artefacts offer a wide research opportunity to effectively and autonomously exploit user feedback to support multiple software and requirements engineering tasks. These include requirements elicitation, release planning, continuous integration, user feedback analysis and competition analysis.

In this project, we explore state-of-the-art methods and techniques in the field of NLP and we extend the scope of software engineering practices by effectively integrating these NLP tasks to improve current practices in the field.


joaquim.motger (at)


  • Software-Based Dialogue Systems: Survey, Taxonomy, and Challenges. Motger, Q.; Franch, X.; and Marco, J. ACM Comput. Surv., 55(5): 91:1–91:42. 2023.
  • Improved Management of Issue Dependencies in Issue Trackers of Large Collaborative Projects. Raatikainen, M.; Motger, Q.; Lüders, C. M.; Franch, X.; Myllyaho, L.; Kettunen, E.; Marco, J.; Tiihonen, J.; Halonen, M.; and Männistö, T. IEEE Trans. Software Eng., 49(4): 2128–2148. 2023.
  • Mobile Feature-Oriented Knowledge Base Generation Using Knowledge Graphs. Motger, Q.; Franch, X.; and Marco, J. In Abelló, A.; Vassiliadis, P.; Romero, O.; Wrembel, R.; Bugiotti, F.; Gamper, J.; Vargas-Solar, G.; and Zumpano, E., editor(s), New Trends in Database and Information Systems - ADBIS 2023 Short Papers, Doctoral Consortium and Workshops: AIDMA, DOING, K-Gals, MADEISD, PeRS, Barcelona, Spain, September 4-7, 2023, Proceedings, volume 1850, of Communications in Computer and Information Science, pages 269–279, 2023. Springer
  • Adaptive Task-Oriented Chatbots Using Feature-Based Knowledge Bases. Campàs, C.; Motger, Q.; Franch, X.; and Marco, J. In Cabanillas, C.; and Pérez, F., editor(s), Intelligent Information Systems - CAiSE Forum 2023, Zaragoza, Spain, June 12-16, 2023, Proceedings, volume 477, of Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, pages 95–102, 2023. Springer
  • TransFeatEx: a NLP pipeline for feature extraction. Marfà, A. G.; Motger, Q.; Franch, X.; and Marco, J. In Ferrari, A.; Penzenstadler, B.; Hadar, I.; Oyedeji, S.; Abualhaija, S.; Vogelsang, A.; Deshpande, G.; Rachmann, A.; Gulden, J.; Wohlgemuth, A.; Hess, A.; Fricker, S.; Guizzardi, R. S. S.; Horkoff, J.; Perini, A.; Susi, A.; Karras, O.; Dalpiaz, F.; Moreira, A.; Amyot, D.; and Spoletini, P., editor(s), Joint Proceedings of REFSQ-2023 Workshops, Doctoral Symposium, Posters & Tools Track and Journal Early Feedback co-located with the 28th International Conference on Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality (REFSQ 2023), Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain, April 17-20, 2023, volume 3378, of CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2023.
  • Chatbots4Mobile: Feature-oriented Knowledge Base Generation Using Natural Language. Motger, Q.; Franch, X.; and Marco, J. In Ferrari, A.; Penzenstadler, B.; Hadar, I.; Oyedeji, S.; Abualhaija, S.; Vogelsang, A.; Deshpande, G.; Rachmann, A.; Gulden, J.; Wohlgemuth, A.; Hess, A.; Fricker, S.; Guizzardi, R. S. S.; Horkoff, J.; Perini, A.; Susi, A.; Karras, O.; Dalpiaz, F.; Moreira, A.; Amyot, D.; and Spoletini, P., editor(s), Joint Proceedings of REFSQ-2023 Workshops, Doctoral Symposium, Posters & Tools Track and Journal Early Feedback co-located with the 28th International Conference on Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality (REFSQ 2023), Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain, April 17-20, 2023, volume 3378, of CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2023.
  • Unveiling Competition Dynamics in Mobile App Markets through User Reviews. Motger, Q.; Franch, X.; Gervasi, V.; and Marco, J. CoRR, abs/2312.01981. 2023.
  • Integrating Adaptive Mechanisms into Mobile Applications Exploiting User Feedback. Motger, Q.; Franch, X.; and Marco, J. In Cherfi, S. S.; Perini, A.; and Nurcan, S., editor(s), Research Challenges in Information Science - 15th International Conference, RCIS 2021, Limassol, Cyprus, May 11-14, 2021, Proceedings, volume 415, of Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, pages 347–355, 2021. Springer

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RE State-of-the-Practices Study

Title: State-of-the-Practice in Requirements Elicitation, Specification and Reuse

DatesStarted on November 2014

Participation: Twelve European companies in different sectors involving 24 senior experienced practitioners.

Goal: Surveying the state of the practice with regards to requirements elicitation, specification and reuse in companies. Empirical study based on interviews with companies dealing with requirements.


Past FP7 and H2020 Research Projects


OpenReq (H2020)

Title: Intelligent Recommendation & Decision Technologies for Community-Driven Requirements Engineering

Identifier:  contract No. 732463; E-01376

Dates: January 2017 - December 2019

Participation: Work package leader

Goal: Develop, evaluate, and transfer highly innovative methods, algorithms, and tools for community-driven Requirements Engineering in large and distributed software-intensive projects.

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Q-Rapids (H2020)

Title: Quality-aware Rapid Software Development

Identifier: contract No. 732253; E-01372

Dates: November 2016 - October 2019

Participation: Project coordinator

Goal: Improve software quality levels; Increase software life cycle productivity; Shorten software time to market.

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Title: SUpporting evolution and adaptation of PERsonalized Software by Exploiting contextual Data and End-user feedback

Identifier:  contract No. 644018; E-01318

Dates: May 2015 - April 2018

Participation: Work package leader

Goal: Deliver methods and tools to support decision-making in the evolution and adaptation of software services and applications by exploiting end-user feedback and runtime data, with the overall goal of improving end-users’ quality of experience.

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Title: Managing Risk and Costs in Open Source Software Adoption

Identifier:  contract No. 318249

Dates: November 2012-October 2015

Participation: Project coordinator

Goal: Clear definition of the roles, tasks, documents, etc., that are implied in business models and business processes around OSS-based development and distribution. Definition of guidelines, methods and strategies to manage the risk and leverage the costs in OSS adoption.

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Other Past European Networks, Collaborations and Projects



Title:VISDOM: Visual diagnosis for DevOps software development

Identifier:  project Nr. 17038; C-11420

Dates: October 2019 - June 2022

Participation: Subcontracted partner

Goal: The VISDOM project will develop new types of visualisations that utilise and merge data from several data sources in modern DevOps development. The aim is to provide simple “health check” visualisations about the state of the development process, software and use.

VISDOM leaflet

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Title: What practitioners think about requirements engineering research

Dates: November 2015 - December 2020

Participation: Project coordinators Prof. Xavier Franch and Prof. Daniel Mendez (Technische Universität München)

Goal: Provide practitioners with the possibility to add their own views and flavours regarding current research in RE. Discover the lines of current research that are more promising for practitioners. Identify the topics and areas of future research (or fine-tune existing ones) in RE.

 more information...


Estimating effort for QR

Title: Technique to estimate the effort to implement a quality requirement in agile software developments (Técnica para estimar el esfuerzo de implementación de un requisito de calidad en desarrollos ágiles de software)

Dates: January 2019 - February 2020.

Participation: Joint project with Universidad de Medellin. UPC team is composed of: María José Salamea (PhD student), Dr. Carles Farré, Dr. Marc Oriol and Prof. Xavier Franch (Supervisor).

Goal: This project aims at studying and defining a technique for estimating the effort required in the implementation of quality requirements in the context of agile software development.



Title: How do companies deal with NFR in MDD

Dates: December 2014 - March 2019

Participation: Six European research teams from six different countries working under the supervision of the GESSI research group

Goal: Surveying the state of the practice of NFR in MDD in companies. Multi-national empirical study, based on interviews with companies working on MDD projects.

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Title: Smart Adaptation through Contextual REquirements

Dates: January 2015 - June 2019.

Participation: Collaborative project that is constantly integrating new partners. UPC team: Edith Zavala (GESSI PhD student), Prof. Xavier Franch (Supervisor) and Dr. Jordi Marco (Co-supervisor)

Goal: The SACRE project aims at dealing with this challenging situation supporting the adaptation of contextual requirements affected by runtime uncertainty in modern self-adaptive systems.

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TitleSmArt seLf-driving vehIcle

Identifier: Open Research at AstaZero program (call 4 - 20180430, application A-0034

Dates: July 2018 - October 2018

Participation: Project leaders Edith Zavala (GESSI PhD student) and Dr. Christian Berger (Univeristy of Gothenburg). Supervisors Prof. Xavier Franch and Dr. Jordi Marco.

Goal: The SALI project aims at providing an open software engineering solution to integrate self-* capabilities such self-healing, self-optimization and self-improvement to self-driving vehicles for responding to runtime challenging factors such as unpredictability, faults and limited resources. 

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S-CUBE (Network of Excellence at FP7)

Title: Associate Member at the Software Services and Systems Network

Identifier:  contract No. 215483

Dates: March 2008 -February 2012

Web page:


ADOxx (Acciones Integradas programme)

Title: Definition of the i* format by using the metamodel compiler ADOxx v1.0

Identifier:  AT2009-0015

Dates: January 2010 -December 2011


SODA (ITEA programme)

Title: Service Oriented Device & Delivery Architecture

Identifier:  ITEA 05022

Dates: January 2006 -December 2008

Web page:


MSDS (Acciones Integradas programme)

Title: Requirements Engineering for Multi-Stakeholder Distributed Systems

Identifier:  HU2005-0021

Dates: January 2006 - December 2007


WG-ECUA (Working Group at FP5)

Title: EuropeAn COTS User Working Group

Identifier:  IST-2000-26436

Dates: January 2001 - October 2002

Web page:


Collaborations with Companies


Càtedra everis

Title: On applied research in information technologies


Dates: May 2011 - April 2014


Other Past Networks and Spanish Program Projects


D3M (Spanish Program)

Title: Automated Data-Driven Decision Making (D3M)

Identifier:  PDC2021-121195-I00

Dates: December 2021 – November 2023

Participation: Joint project with the DTIM research group

Goal: D3M (Data-Driven Decision Making) addresses the current challenge of democratizing the access to independent data sources to gain deeper analytical insights via automatic data integration and domain-specific decision making.

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CALESI (Network)

Title: Network of Excelence in Software Quality and Sustainability

Identifier:  TIN2017‐90689‐REDT

Participation: GESSI is one of the research groups members of the network, that is coordinated by Silvia Abrahão of the Universitat Politècnica de València

Goal: To exchange knowledge among the networt members of theories, practices and methods within different approaches to develop a common understanding of fundamental research issues to integrate Software Quality and Sustainability and identify and a joint research agenda. To consolidate, unify and disseminate knowledge about software quality and sustainability encouraging the development and use of new techniques and methodologies to ensure the quality and sustainability of products and software development processes in heterogeneous and distributed environments;

Dates: July 2018 - September 2021


RCIS (Network)

Title: Network on Service Science and Engineering

Identifier:  TIN2016-81978-REDT

Dates: July 2017 - November 2021

Participation: GESSI is one of the research groups members of the network, which is coordinated by Antonio Ruíz from the Universidad de Sevilla

Goal: (1) Optimizing the results and resources of the groups that make up the network through the identification, sharing and reuse of knowledge and research resources (use cases, tools, experiments, etc.) developed. (2) To jointly explore the challenges opened up by advances in Cloud Computing, intelligent devices and social computing on which the team is already working network researcher. (3) Facilitate the access of other researchers and society in general to the software developed by the members of the network, and provide evidence about the actual use of said software as an indirect measure of its impact.



Title: Generation and Evolution of Smart APIs

Identifier: TIN2016-79269-R, J-02247.

Dates: December 2016 - December 2020

Participation: Joint project with the DTIM research group

Goal: Provide techniques and tools to: collect information, metadata and behaviour of the functionality to expose provided by API providers; generate a repository of monitorizable APIs with their documentation, metadata and implementation; automatically manage data flows and data repositories to implemente the APIs; propose and evaluate API evolutions; facilitate the automatic evolution of APIs.

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Reactive Plan (AGAUR - Llavor)

: Reactive Plan: A Tool for Continuous Software Release Planning

Project co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF - FEDER) of the European Union under the "Programa operatiu FEDER de Catalunya 2014-2020" with an aid of € 20,000€

Identifier:  2016LLAV00009

Dates: July 2017 - April 2018

Description Reactive Plan focuses on the reinforcement of the connection between software development and release planning activities. Software development is the task of producing the implementation of the software (e.g., writing the source code) while release planning is deciding what is to be implemented, when and by whom. In order to fully support the continuous planning of releases, the Reactive Plan tool will: 1) monitor the real progress of the ongoing release (by connecting with developer tools like JIRA or Slack); and 2) re-plan the current release when necessary (e.g., some activity is delayed or a developer takes a sick leave). Participants: David Ameller, Carles Farré, Quim Motger

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EOSSAC (Spanish Program)

Title: Engineering Open Source Services and Apps for the Citizens

Identifier:  TIN2013-44641-P; J-1890

Dates: January 2014 - December 2016

Web page:


RCIS (Network)

Title: Red en Ciencia e Ingeniería de Servicios

Identifier:  TIN2014-53986-REDT

Dates: January 2015 - December 2016


ProS-Req (Spanish Program)

Title: Requirement-based production of service-oriented software

Identifier:  TIN2010-19130-C02-00

Dates: January 2011 - December 2013

Participation: Coordinated project with ProS

Web page:


IQMNet (Network)

Title: Red para la Gestión de la Calidad de la Información

Identifier:  TIN2010-09809-E

Dates: January 2011 - December 2013


RedCis (Network)

Title: Red Científico-Tecnológica en Ciencias de los Servicios

Identifier:  TIN2011-15497-E

Dates: September 2012 - August 2013


Red Integración (Network)

Title: Red de Investigación sobre Integración de Aplicaciones e Información Empresarial

Identifier:  TIN2010-09988-E

Dates: January 2011 - December 2011


ADICT (Spanish Program)

Title: Acquisition, Development, Integration and Customization of Heterogeneous Components for Information Systems

Identifier:  TIN2007-64753

Dates: October 2007 - December 2010


UPIC (Spanish Program)

Title: Towards a Unified framework for the Procurement and Implementation of information system Components

Identifier:  TIN2004-07461-C02-00

Dates: December 2004 - December 2007


DALÍ (Spanish Program)

Title: Methodologies and tools for the Development, Acquisition, evaLuation and Integration of software components

Identifier:  TIN2001-2165

Dates: December 2001 - December 2004